POLYPHARMACY IN THE ELDERLY A LITERATURE REVIEW



Polypharmacy In The Elderly A Literature Review

Polypharmacy in elderly patients with cancer clinical. The objective of this overview of systematic reviews was to summarize evidence on the effectiveness of community-level pharmaceutical interventions to reduce the risks associated with polypharmacy in the population over 65 years of age.Method: This overview used a previously described protocol to search for systematic review articles, with and, Jun 01, 2013В В· Evidence Acquisition: A review of the literature was conducted. English articles in Cinahl, Medline and Healthsource (2000-2012) were searched for links between polypharmacy and falls in older adults aged 65 years old and over..

Polypharmacy Among the Elderly 1324 Words Bartleby

Polypharmacy in multimorbid older adults protocol for a. Jun 08, 2017 · Polypharmacy has been linked to a myriad of adverse consequences, and escalating rates of polypharmacy present an emerging concern, particularly among older adults. This systematic review and meta-analysis summarizes the existing literature concerning the …, Aug 29, 2017 · Polypharmacy in Elderly- Dissertation Sample Dissertation Sample Get the best assignment help from MakeMyAssignments.com Assignment Help Australia S. No Table of Contents Page No 1. Introduction & Literature Review 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Definition 1.3 Search Strategy 1.4 Polypharmacy in Elderly 1.5 Consequence of Polypharmacy 1.5.1 Increased Healthcare….

Dec 01, 2011 · In this Review, we examine the clinical implications of polypharmacy in elderly people diagnosed with cancer and review different procedures for obtaining of complete drug histories, including prescribed and non-prescribed medicines. Polypharmacy in the elderly: a literature review. J Am Acad Nurse Pract. 2005; 17: 123-132. Oct 11, 2010 · Polypharmacy refers to the effects of taking multiple medications concurrently to manage coexisting health problems, such as diabetes and hypertension. Too often, polypharmacy becomes problematic, such as when patients are prescribed too many medications by multiple healthcare providers working independently of each other. Also, drug interactions can occur if no single …

polypharmacy in the elderly a literature review There are students who polypharmacy in the elderly a literature review have experienced disappointment with the college paper writing service they hired due to polypharmacy in the elderly a literature review incompetent and uncommitted writers. Aug 29, 2017 · Polypharmacy in Elderly- Dissertation Sample Dissertation Sample Get the best assignment help from MakeMyAssignments.com Assignment Help Australia S. No Table of Contents Page No 1. Introduction & Literature Review 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Definition 1.3 Search Strategy 1.4 Polypharmacy in Elderly 1.5 Consequence of Polypharmacy 1.5.1 Increased Healthcare…

In the elderly, disorders that occur as a result of ageing, frequently require treatment, resulting in increased use of medications. Polypharmacy is common among the elderly and although it can be therapeutic in nature, is linked to adverse events such as falls. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A review of the literature was conducted. May 19, 2017В В· Polypharmacy, the concurrent use of multiple medications, consistently evokes a negative connotation, notably because it is associated with a plethora of adverse events. Nonetheless, the number of individuals exposed to polypharmacy is increasing steeply, especially for older people with multiple diseases. There is a need to carefully study the phenomenon at the population scale to full assess

Factors contributing to polypharmacy and adverse drug events: Multiple comorbidities Prescribing cascade Applicability of literature to elderly population Unclear guidelines regarding deprescribing Medications started while inpatient are continued indefinitely (antipsychotics for insomnia or delirium, PPIs for NSAID use, etc.) Oct 12, 2014В В· The purpose of the paper is to give an overview of studies including patient participation as applied in transitional care of the elderly. The methodology used is a literature review searching electronic databases. Results show that participation from elderly in discharge planning and decision-making was low, although patients wanted to

RESULTS: The literature review found that polypharmacy continues to increase and is a known risk factor for important morbidity and mortality. There are few rigorously designed intervention studies that have been shown to reduce unnecessary polypharmacy in older adults. The literature review identified 5 articles, which are included here. Oct 10, 2017 · Multimorbidity and the associated use of multiple medicines (polypharmacy), is common in the older population. Despite this, there is no consensus definition for polypharmacy. A systematic review was conducted to identify and summarise polypharmacy definitions in existing literature. The reporting of this systematic review conforms to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews …

Purpose. To review the body of literature addressing polypharmacy in individuals aged 60 years and older to (a) determine primary care providers’ definition of polypharmacy, (b) explore how polypharmacy was assessed in primary care, and (c) seek tested interventions that address polypharmacy. multiple reasons for polypharmacy exist. An extensive literature review of articles using key words like 'polypharmacy,' 'elderly' was conducted. The recently updated Beers Criteria of classification of inappropriate drugs in the elderly was reviewed in detail. Articles of relevance to polypharmacy and evaluation of guidelines

INVESTIGATING THE EFFECTS OF POLYPHARMACY AMONG. RESULTS: The literature review found that polypharmacy continues to increase and is a known risk factor for important morbidity and mortality. There are few rigorously designed intervention studies that have been shown to reduce unnecessary polypharmacy in older adults. The literature review identified 5 articles, which are included here., Abstract Objectives Optimizing drug therapy for elderly is often challenging. Sometimes treatment causes more harm than the disease. The aim of this article is to review the body of literature addressing polypharmacy to determine its definition, explore how polypharmacy was assessed in primary care, and seek evidence based interventions that address polypharmacy..

Polypharmacy in the elderly A literature review Fulton

polypharmacy in the elderly a literature review

Incidence and Effects of Polypharmacy on Clinical Outcome. polypharmacy in the elderly a literature review There are students who polypharmacy in the elderly a literature review have experienced disappointment with the college paper writing service they hired due to polypharmacy in the elderly a literature review incompetent and uncommitted writers., PURPOSE: To review the body of literature addressing polypharmacy in individuals aged 60 years and older to (a) determine primary care providers' definition of polypharmacy, (b) explore how polypharmacy was assessed in primary care, and (c) seek tested interventions that address polypharmacy..

Incidence and Effects of Polypharmacy on Clinical Outcome

polypharmacy in the elderly a literature review

Polypharmacy and Deprescribing A Guide for Hospitalists. Jun 01, 2017В В· Polypharmacy is a well-established problem for elderly patients. The discharge process provides an opportune time to address patient preferences and eliminate unnecessary medications. With simple and effective methods, such as STOPP criteria and matching each medication with an indication, clinicians can decrease polypharmacy and improve Reducing polypharmacy in vulnerable populations demands a multi-pronged approach that includes risk identification, strategies to minimize medications, and interdisciplinary teamwork. This review draws upon existing literature to suggest evidence-based strategies to minimize polypharmacy..

polypharmacy in the elderly a literature review

  • Literature Review of Polypharmacy and Older Drivers
  • Open Access Protocol De ning polypharmacy in the elderly
  • Polypharmacy In Elderly A Literature Review
  • Polypharmacy in the elderlya literature review

  • Mar 01, 2016В В· Methods and analysis A systematic review will be conducted using PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, EMBASE, PsycINFO and AgeLine bibliographic databases, as well as the grey literature on polypharmacy in older adults to answer these two questions: What definitions in the literature are being used for polypharmacy in older people?, and Which Abstracting and Indexing Information. The journal is registered with the following abstracting partners: Baidu Scholar, CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure), EBSCO Publishing's Electronic Databases, Ex Libris – Primo Central, Google Scholar, Hinari, Infotrieve, ProQuest, TdNet, Wanfang Data

    Mar 01, 2016В В· Methods and analysis A systematic review will be conducted using PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, EMBASE, PsycINFO and AgeLine bibliographic databases, as well as the grey literature on polypharmacy in older adults to answer these two questions: What definitions in the literature are being used for polypharmacy in older people?, and Which Jun 27, 2013В В· Evidence Acquisition: A review of the literature was conducted. English articles in Cinahl, Medline and Healthsource (2000-2012) were searched for links between polypharmacy and falls in older adults aged 65 years old and over.

    Mar 01, 2016 · Methods and analysis A systematic review will be conducted using PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, EMBASE, PsycINFO and AgeLine bibliographic databases, as well as the grey literature on polypharmacy in older adults to answer these two questions: What definitions in the literature are being used for polypharmacy in older people?, and Which Oct 11, 2010 · Polypharmacy refers to the effects of taking multiple medications concurrently to manage coexisting health problems, such as diabetes and hypertension. Too often, polypharmacy becomes problematic, such as when patients are prescribed too many medications by multiple healthcare providers working independently of each other. Also, drug interactions can occur if no single …

    RESULTS: The literature review found that polypharmacy continues to increase and is a known risk factor for important morbidity and mortality. There are few rigorously designed intervention studies that have been shown to reduce unnecessary polypharmacy in older adults. The literature review identified 5 articles, which are included here. Polypharmacy in the elderly - A literature review Article in The European Journal of General Practice 6(3) В· July 2009 with 191 Reads How we measure 'reads'

    Abstracting and Indexing Information. The journal is registered with the following abstracting partners: Baidu Scholar, CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure), EBSCO Publishing's Electronic Databases, Ex Libris – Primo Central, Google Scholar, Hinari, Infotrieve, ProQuest, TdNet, Wanfang Data PURPOSE: To review the body of literature addressing polypharmacy in individuals aged 60 years and older to (a) determine primary care providers' definition of polypharmacy, (b) explore how polypharmacy was assessed in primary care, and (c) seek tested interventions that address polypharmacy.

    Abstract Objectives Optimizing drug therapy for elderly is often challenging. Sometimes treatment causes more harm than the disease. The aim of this article is to review the body of literature addressing polypharmacy to determine its definition, explore how polypharmacy was assessed in primary care, and seek evidence based interventions that address polypharmacy. Purpose. To review the body of literature addressing polypharmacy in individuals aged 60 years and older to (a) determine primary care providers’ definition of polypharmacy, (b) explore how polypharmacy was assessed in primary care, and (c) seek tested interventions that address polypharmacy.

    polypharmacy in the elderly a literature review

    Jun 08, 2017 · Polypharmacy has been linked to a myriad of adverse consequences, and escalating rates of polypharmacy present an emerging concern, particularly among older adults. This systematic review and meta-analysis summarizes the existing literature concerning the … polypharmacy: A review. OA Elderly Medicine 2013 Nov 01;1(1):6. Review.. providers. As elderly patients have ip t. . nursing homes and ambulatory clinics11. 22 Situations that involve transitions of care, such as a hospital discharge or transfer to nursing home, place a patient at higher risk of ADE and

    Incidence and Effects of Polypharmacy on Clinical Outcome

    polypharmacy in the elderly a literature review

    Polypharmacy and Deprescribing A Guide for Hospitalists. RESULTS: The literature review found that polypharmacy continues to increase and is a known risk factor for important morbidity and mortality. There are few rigorously designed intervention studies that have been shown to reduce unnecessary polypharmacy in older adults. The literature review identified 5 articles, which are included here., Purpose. To review the body of literature addressing polypharmacy in individuals aged 60 years and older to (a) determine primary care providers’ definition of polypharmacy, (b) explore how polypharmacy was assessed in primary care, and (c) seek tested interventions that address polypharmacy..

    Polypharmacy in the Elderly—When Good Drugs Lead to Bad

    Polypharmacy and Falls in the Elderly A Literature Review. Dec 12, 2018В В· Objectives: By means of an extensive literature review:- to define polypharmacy; to determine the extent and nature of polypharmacy in the elderly; and to discover the problems which may result from polypharmacy in general practice. Method: A Medline search from 1985 to 1998 yielded 1751 references from which we selected 143 articles for review., Jun 27, 2013В В· Evidence Acquisition: A review of the literature was conducted. English articles in Cinahl, Medline and Healthsource (2000-2012) were searched for links between polypharmacy and falls in older adults aged 65 years old and over..

    Feb 25, 2016 · Results. A total of 14 studies from the perspectives of patients (n = 6) and providers (n = 8) were included, although discontinuing medicines only occurred as a sub-theme in patient studies.Emerging key concepts for patients were experimenting with medicines, attitudes and experiences towards medicines, necessity of prioritizing treatments, relationship to GP, and system … Dec 12, 2018 · Objectives: By means of an extensive literature review:- to define polypharmacy; to determine the extent and nature of polypharmacy in the elderly; and to discover the problems which may result from polypharmacy in general practice. Method: A Medline search from 1985 to 1998 yielded 1751 references from which we selected 143 articles for review.

    Polypharmacy, defined as the total number of different medications that a patient uses concomitantly (Austin, 2006; Good, 2002), in the elderly has been associated with adverse drug events, drug-drug interaction, potential duplication of therapy, increased costs, decreased Factors contributing to polypharmacy and adverse drug events: Multiple comorbidities Prescribing cascade Applicability of literature to elderly population Unclear guidelines regarding deprescribing Medications started while inpatient are continued indefinitely (antipsychotics for insomnia or delirium, PPIs for NSAID use, etc.)

    In the elderly, disorders that occur as a result of ageing, frequently require treatment, resulting in increased use of medications. Polypharmacy is common among the elderly and although it can be therapeutic in nature, is linked to adverse events such as falls. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A review of the literature was conducted. Mar 01, 2016В В· Methods and analysis A systematic review will be conducted using PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, EMBASE, PsycINFO and AgeLine bibliographic databases, as well as the grey literature on polypharmacy in older adults to answer these two questions: What definitions in the literature are being used for polypharmacy in older people?, and Which

    A Literature Review: Polypharmacy Protocol for Primary Care . Table 1 Nine key questions to address polypharmacy in the elderly 24 Table 2 Mnemonics to address polypharmacy in the elderly 25 Appendix Table 1 Articles reviewed in order as presented in text 32 … Jun 08, 2017 · Polypharmacy has been linked to a myriad of adverse consequences, and escalating rates of polypharmacy present an emerging concern, particularly among older adults. This systematic review and meta-analysis summarizes the existing literature concerning the …

    polypharmacy: A review. OA Elderly Medicine 2013 Nov 01;1(1):6. Review.. providers. As elderly patients have ip t. . nursing homes and ambulatory clinics11. 22 Situations that involve transitions of care, such as a hospital discharge or transfer to nursing home, place a patient at higher risk of ADE and Jun 01, 2013В В· Evidence Acquisition: A review of the literature was conducted. English articles in Cinahl, Medline and Healthsource (2000-2012) were searched for links between polypharmacy and falls in older adults aged 65 years old and over.

    Feb 25, 2016 · Results. A total of 14 studies from the perspectives of patients (n = 6) and providers (n = 8) were included, although discontinuing medicines only occurred as a sub-theme in patient studies.Emerging key concepts for patients were experimenting with medicines, attitudes and experiences towards medicines, necessity of prioritizing treatments, relationship to GP, and system … Polypharmacy is the occurrence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs), but increased drug costs and patient quality of life are also significant issues5, 6. Due the fact that people are living longer, the elderly population, which often suffers from multiple chronic diseases requiring multiple medications, continues to …

    multiple reasons for polypharmacy exist. An extensive literature review of articles using key words like 'polypharmacy,' 'elderly' was conducted. The recently updated Beers Criteria of classification of inappropriate drugs in the elderly was reviewed in detail. Articles of relevance to polypharmacy and evaluation of guidelines Reducing polypharmacy in vulnerable populations demands a multi-pronged approach that includes risk identification, strategies to minimize medications, and interdisciplinary teamwork. This review draws upon existing literature to suggest evidence-based strategies to minimize polypharmacy.

    Polypharmacy is the occurrence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs), but increased drug costs and patient quality of life are also significant issues5, 6. Due the fact that people are living longer, the elderly population, which often suffers from multiple chronic diseases requiring multiple medications, continues to … In the elderly, disorders that occur as a result of ageing, frequently require treatment, resulting in increased use of medications. Polypharmacy is common among the elderly and although it can be therapeutic in nature, is linked to adverse events such as falls. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A review of the literature was conducted.

    1) A literature review that updates the findings in the unpublished NHTSA Task Order report “Polypharmacy and Older Drivers” (Wilkinson and Moskowitz, 2001). 2) A critical literature review of methods currently used to measure the use of prescription medications and over-the … Sep 01, 2005 · Abstract. An Integrated Literature Review. The purpose of this integrated literature review was to determine the extent of research available related to polypharmacy and its effect on the health

    Aug 29, 2017 · Polypharmacy in Elderly- Dissertation Sample Dissertation Sample Get the best assignment help from MakeMyAssignments.com Assignment Help Australia S. No Table of Contents Page No 1. Introduction & Literature Review 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Definition 1.3 Search Strategy 1.4 Polypharmacy in Elderly 1.5 Consequence of Polypharmacy 1.5.1 Increased Healthcare… their level of accuracy). This review will be conducted to fill this important gap and to reach a consensus on the definition of polypharmacy, to make future studies more valid and reliable. This study will be performed with the following two questions in mind: What definitions are being used in the literature for polypharmacy in the elderly?

    Jun 08, 2017 · Polypharmacy has been linked to a myriad of adverse consequences, and escalating rates of polypharmacy present an emerging concern, particularly among older adults. This systematic review and meta-analysis summarizes the existing literature concerning the … PURPOSE: To review the body of literature addressing polypharmacy in individuals aged 60 years and older to (a) determine primary care providers' definition of polypharmacy, (b) explore how polypharmacy was assessed in primary care, and (c) seek tested interventions that address polypharmacy.

    Polypharmacy in Older Adults CE Article NursingCenter. The objective of this overview of systematic reviews was to summarize evidence on the effectiveness of community-level pharmaceutical interventions to reduce the risks associated with polypharmacy in the population over 65 years of age.Method: This overview used a previously described protocol to search for systematic review articles, with and, Polypharmacy In Elderly A Literature Review, the tipping point by malcolm gladwell essay, oklahoma academic all state essay, cheap course work proofreading services au. Polypharmacy In Elderly A Literature Review - essays and english traits emerson - best way to sign a cover letter..

    Polypharmacy In Elderly A Literature Review

    polypharmacy in the elderly a literature review

    Polypharmacy and falls in the elderly a literature review. We identified many adverse medicines management outcomes of polypharmacy, notably, the association between polypharmacy and inappropriate prescribing in chronic kidney disease. 43 The association between polypharmacy and an increased risk of malnutrition 12, 13 is in keeping with a recent literature review, with several drug classes implicated, Abstracting and Indexing Information. The journal is registered with the following abstracting partners: Baidu Scholar, CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure), EBSCO Publishing's Electronic Databases, Ex Libris – Primo Central, Google Scholar, Hinari, Infotrieve, ProQuest, TdNet, Wanfang Data.

    Polypharmacy in Older Adults CE Article NursingCenter

    polypharmacy in the elderly a literature review

    INVESTIGATING THE EFFECTS OF POLYPHARMACY AMONG. Reducing polypharmacy in vulnerable populations demands a multi-pronged approach that includes risk identification, strategies to minimize medications, and interdisciplinary teamwork. This review draws upon existing literature to suggest evidence-based strategies to minimize polypharmacy. Mar 01, 2016В В· Methods and analysis A systematic review will be conducted using PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, EMBASE, PsycINFO and AgeLine bibliographic databases, as well as the grey literature on polypharmacy in older adults to answer these two questions: What definitions in the literature are being used for polypharmacy in older people?, and Which.

    polypharmacy in the elderly a literature review


    population. Despite this, there is no consensus definition for polypharmacy. A systematic review was conducted to identify and summarise polypharmacy definitions in existing literature. Methods: The reporting of this systematic review conforms to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) checklist. Oct 15, 2019 · Polypharmacy, defined as regular use of at least five medications, is common in older adults and younger at-risk populations and increases the …

    Polypharmacy in the Elderly •Prevalence taking 5 or more medications around 7% •Generally occurs due to three primary reasons: Polypharmacy? •Cochrane review identified 139 studies •10 studies made inclusion criteria •Over 21,000 patients on at least 4 chronic Jun 01, 2013 · Evidence Acquisition: A review of the literature was conducted. English articles in Cinahl, Medline and Healthsource (2000-2012) were searched for links between polypharmacy and falls in older adults aged 65 years old and over.

    Reducing polypharmacy in vulnerable populations demands a multi-pronged approach that includes risk identification, strategies to minimize medications, and interdisciplinary teamwork. This review draws upon existing literature to suggest evidence-based strategies to minimize polypharmacy. In the elderly, disorders that occur as a result of ageing, frequently require treatment, resulting in increased use of medications. Polypharmacy is common among the elderly and although it can be therapeutic in nature, is linked to adverse events such as falls. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: A review of the literature was conducted.

    polypharmacy that leads to health problems in elderly persons. In many countries it is the GI' who plays an important role in coordinating and providing the medi- cation to elderly people. This article reports a review of the literature on polypharmacy, looking at the following questions: 98 European Journal of General Practice, Volume 6. Polypharmacy in the elderly - A literature review Article in The European Journal of General Practice 6(3) В· July 2009 with 191 Reads How we measure 'reads'

    Dec 12, 2018 · Objectives: By means of an extensive literature review:- to define polypharmacy; to determine the extent and nature of polypharmacy in the elderly; and to discover the problems which may result from polypharmacy in general practice. Method: A Medline search from 1985 to 1998 yielded 1751 references from which we selected 143 articles for review. Polypharmacy is the occurrence of adverse drug reactions (ADRs), but increased drug costs and patient quality of life are also significant issues5, 6. Due the fact that people are living longer, the elderly population, which often suffers from multiple chronic diseases requiring multiple medications, continues to …

    The medication review can help reduce duplicate medications, medications that are contraindicated for older adults, and provide ways to ensure patients understand why they are taking the medications as well as how to take them correctly. Health outcomes and … PURPOSE: To review the body of literature addressing polypharmacy in individuals aged 60 years and older to (a) determine primary care providers' definition of polypharmacy, (b) explore how polypharmacy was assessed in primary care, and (c) seek tested interventions that address polypharmacy.

    polypharmacy: A review. OA Elderly Medicine 2013 Nov 01;1(1):6. Review.. providers. As elderly patients have ip t. . nursing homes and ambulatory clinics11. 22 Situations that involve transitions of care, such as a hospital discharge or transfer to nursing home, place a patient at higher risk of ADE and Oct 12, 2014В В· The purpose of the paper is to give an overview of studies including patient participation as applied in transitional care of the elderly. The methodology used is a literature review searching electronic databases. Results show that participation from elderly in discharge planning and decision-making was low, although patients wanted to

    Feb 25, 2016 · Results. A total of 14 studies from the perspectives of patients (n = 6) and providers (n = 8) were included, although discontinuing medicines only occurred as a sub-theme in patient studies.Emerging key concepts for patients were experimenting with medicines, attitudes and experiences towards medicines, necessity of prioritizing treatments, relationship to GP, and system … Oct 15, 2019 · Polypharmacy, defined as regular use of at least five medications, is common in older adults and younger at-risk populations and increases the …

    1) A literature review that updates the findings in the unpublished NHTSA Task Order report “Polypharmacy and Older Drivers” (Wilkinson and Moskowitz, 2001). 2) A critical literature review of methods currently used to measure the use of prescription medications and over-the … Jun 27, 2013 · Evidence Acquisition: A review of the literature was conducted. English articles in Cinahl, Medline and Healthsource (2000-2012) were searched for links between polypharmacy and falls in older adults aged 65 years old and over.

    Purpose. To review the body of literature addressing polypharmacy in individuals aged 60 years and older to (a) determine primary care providers’ definition of polypharmacy, (b) explore how polypharmacy was assessed in primary care, and (c) seek tested interventions that address polypharmacy. We identified many adverse medicines management outcomes of polypharmacy, notably, the association between polypharmacy and inappropriate prescribing in chronic kidney disease. 43 The association between polypharmacy and an increased risk of malnutrition 12, 13 is in keeping with a recent literature review, with several drug classes implicated

    Abstracting and Indexing Information. The journal is registered with the following abstracting partners: Baidu Scholar, CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure), EBSCO Publishing's Electronic Databases, Ex Libris – Primo Central, Google Scholar, Hinari, Infotrieve, ProQuest, TdNet, Wanfang Data necessary to treat the multiple comorbidities elderly patients are likely to have.7 This definition necessitates a medication review and takes medication appropriateness into account. Those that lack an indication or effectiveness or are determined to be a therapeutic duplication are considered as polypharmacy or unnecessary medications.

    1) A literature review that updates the findings in the unpublished NHTSA Task Order report “Polypharmacy and Older Drivers” (Wilkinson and Moskowitz, 2001). 2) A critical literature review of methods currently used to measure the use of prescription medications and over-the … Introduction Polypharmacy among the elderly is a growing concern in U.S. healthcare system. Patients who have comorbities and take multiple medications are at a higher risk for potential adverse drug reactions. There is a great need for nursing interventions in conducting a patient medication review